Liverpool football club is a prominent football club which is also known as The Reds or LFC. This club is considered to be one of the greatest professional association football clubs not only in England but also in the world. The club is based in Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
Liverpool Football Club was formed in 1892 by John Houlding and his closest friends who had just left Everton FC after a dispute between John Houlding, the club committee and the owner of a land that the Everton club was planning on owning. The name of the club was suggested by William E. Barclay, a great football enthusiast, but it was not until June that the name received formal recognition by the Board of Trade. Houlding had previously hoped to take over Everton legally by slightly adjusting the name to Everton Football Club and Athletic Ground Company plc when forming the new club. This request was, however, rejected by a football council on the grounds that they could not register a new football club with a similar name to an existing club. Later on, Houlding considered this as a win as he got to name the new club after an entire city rather than just one of its suburbs. In addition to naming the football club after the city, he also embraced the city's color-red for the official playing shirts of Liverpool FC in 1894 as well as Liverbird as the crest in 1901. Houlding managed to secure a new pitch at Anfield Road, which Everton was originally trying to acquire.
When Everton was formed, Barclay was selected to be the club's first secretary and as such he also became the first secretary of Liverpool FC. Liverpool FC began its journey from scratch since majority of Everton's staff and players remained loyal and had left for Goodison. Nevertheless, some members of Everton such as John McKenna and William Barclay remained loyal to Houlding and helped him build the club. John McKenna played a vital role towards the early success of the club. John McKenna held various positions which were a clear indication of his administration and managerial abilities. For instance, he became a member of the football association council in 1905 and later on became the vice president of the association council. In 1910, he was elected as the president of the football league. Houlding provided the finances that enabled McKenna to recruit a number of players and with his vast knowledge of the game he was able to create a strong team of players.
During its first year, Liverpool FC sent its first request to join the football league but unfortunately the request was declined and this prompted them to start with Lancashire League. The First match was against Rotherham in which they won with McVean scoring the first ever Liverpool goal. On that same day that Liverpool FC played its first match, Everton also had a match at Goodison and there was tension about which team the people of Liverpool City would support. As anticipated, Everton had managed to gather a larger audience compared to that that attended Liverpool's match. Liverpool FC played its first match in the Lancashire League and had a win of 7-1. During this match, McVean-the team's captain won the toss and decided to play during the first half. This has then become a tradition that is followed by Liverpool captains until today. The match also attracted a small audience and had been delayed due to guests arriving late for the match. Despite the small crowd, the win was a good start for the team.
In the year that followed, the club sent another request, which was accepted and the club joined the football league second division. The team successfully managed to finish in the first place position. This win of 8-0 in a very competitive match resulted in the promotion of the club into the first division of the football league.
The first season of the club was marked by outstanding performance as the club had won the Reserve cup, Liverpool District Cup, and Lancashire League. The team competed in their first match in the football league during the second season and emerged victorious. This only proved that Liverpool FC was almost as good as the other clubs that had been founded before it such as Everton. Liverpool continued to make a name for its self as it proclaimed victory in matches against Middlesbrough Ironopolis and especially against Small Heath in which the Liverpool club created an eight point gap. To top that, the club also managed to score a 6-0 win against 'Boro in the presence of a larger audience compared to its previous matches. The team's top players, including James Scott, McVean, McQueen and David Henderson put all their strength and effort in making the team successful during the leagues. Liverpool faced some setbacks as the club was subjected to regulations during their first season in the first division but managed to bounce back to the top in a span of one year.
Liverpool strived to gain more and more promotions as well as popularity through outstanding performance in the matches. For instance, in the match against Rotherham, the team was able to bag a record league win of 10-1 in a tough match. During this match, McVean was the first to score and three more goals from different players such as Ross and Frank followed, which indicated that the Reds were on top of their game. Later on, McKenna offered Tom Watson an irresistible financial offer for him to become the manager of Liverpool FC. Watson had previously led Sunderland from nothing to the League Championship. McKenna was very knowledgeable on matters regarding football and believed that a manager like Watson was what the team needed in order to become the country's top team. During the first season, Watson was able to manage the team in fifth place which was an indication of the good performance. Watson managed to make the team even better by recruiting football legends including Alex Raisbeck, Sam Hardy, and Elisha Scott among others.
The addition of these legends to the football team enabled the club to attain its first ever league championship eight years after joining the football league. McKenna's strategy of hiring Watson to manage and lead the team into victory was beginning to pay off. Liverpool's first team of champions was created from the legends recruited by Watson. Alex Raisbeck led this team of champions from the back alongside Billy Dunlop at the fullback. Jack Cox was the flying winger of the team and also showed promising talent as a goal keeper. On the other hand Bill Perkins was reliable when it came to the sticks and this only made the team much better. Being the first team was no walk in the park as many amenities available to today's Liverpool team players were not available then. The players had to change in a certain public house and when attending matches that were not within their vicinity, they would travel by train or even horse drawn wagons. However, this did not stop the players from performing. In the matches that followed, the Reds continued to set the pace for other teams by recording victories in matches against Blackburn Rovers and West Brom as well as a match at Stroke City. The Reds had created a reputation of being unbeatable and unstoppable. Regardless of the reputation, Sunderland managed to score a 2-1 victory against the Reds. This loss was felt by the team but more so by Watson, who had left the club in order to manage Liverpool.
Liverpool FC refused to be defined by this loss and as such was able to win 5-2 in a match against Aston Villa. The club also managed to regain their confidence as the results from matches such as the one against Manchester City were good. This was not to be the trend in the matches that followed as the team lost more matches to teams such as Everton and Bolton. The team continued to suffer disappointment as they also recorded a drop to eighth place in the football league and this made it more difficult for them to hope for a title in the champions' league. Despite the odd, the team was able to make a come back that was characterized by a win against Notts County, which earned them additional five points and Sheffield United. However, their fate on the champions' league remained unknown and depended solely on the outcome of the clubs final match challenging their opponents-west Brom. Liverpool team players were determined to win and had scored a goal before the end of the first half and added more during the second half. This victory was not an ordinary victory as they also banked a championship league title.
In the years that followed, there was a lot of expectation from the club as they had previously managed to top in the football league second division as well as first division and had also gained them more recognition. Through the efforts of Liverpool's players, including Joe Hewitt and Sam Hardy among others, the club was able to triumph in yet another championship league in1906. The team had previously lost a few games during the season, but still managed to emerge top of the table with four points ahead of its opponents. In 1914, Liverpool finally reached its first FA Cup Final, after defeating Aston Villa during the cup semi finals. During the finals, the match had gathered a large audience and one of the guests was a reigning monarch. Neither Liverpool nor Burnely had made it to the finals before and thus there was a lot of speculation about the outcome of the match. However, Liverpool lost 1-0 despite the endless efforts of players such as Jimmy Nicholl among others.
Liverpool had recorded a drop in their performance earlier in the season but this did not stop the team from aspiring for more as it consecutively won the league championships in 1922 and 1923. Despite the difficult task of retaining a championship and the fact that the manager of the club had left for reasons that were not fully explained, the Reds proved yet again they were on top of their game. This was also indicated by their big win in matches against Arsenal as well as Sunderland with a lead of about six points. In 1947, the club experienced yet another victory when finished first in the first division of the football league for the fifth time after a win against Chelsea with Billy Liddell scoring his first ever league goal. Liverpool continued to receive recognition as an unstoppable and unbeatable team.
In 1950, Liverpool managed to reach the finals yet again, but unfortunately it was still not able to secure the FA Cup in a match against Arsenal. The club continually recorded low performances characterized by five straight defeats. Consequently, the club was relegated back to the second division of the football league. Around this period, the club underwent some transformations which included the appointment of a new manager-Bill Shankly who released twenty four players as a strategy to improve the club's performance.
In 1962, the club was promoted back to the first division of the football league. In 1964, the club got to share the spotlight with West Ham in a match that resulted into a 2-2 draw, but this was just the tip of the iceberg compared to the wins that followed. The club was in a position to perform exemplary well under the management of Bill Shankly. The greatest achievement since its formation occurred in 1965 when Liverpool FC banked its first ever FA Cup. In the year that followed, the club emerged victorious in the First division of Football league. However, the team experienced defeat during their first match for the European Cup when it lost the match to Borussia Dortmund. Liverpool managed to pull up their socks during the next season and was able to take home the FA cups as well as the European Cup for the first time ever. Through endless effort and a dedicated team of players, Liverpool was able to retain the FA Cup consecutively.
After that season, Liverpool's manager Bill Shankly retired and was succeeded by his assistant Bob Paisley, who also lead the club to victory in another league as well as won the European Cup for the very first time. The club worked hard to retain its titles, but unfortunately in 1977 it lost during the FA Cup final. The following year, the club was able to retain its European Cup. When it was time for Paisley to retire, the club had banked more than twenty trophies which comprised of three European Cups, one UEFA Cup, three consecutive league cups as well as six league titles. This was a clear indication of a good management of the club. Paisley was also succeeded by his assistant Joe Fagan. During the first season as the club's manager, Fagan led the team into victory in the league titles and the club was also able to win the league cup as well as the European Cup. This was a historic moment for Liverpool FC as it became the first English club to ever win the three cups in a single season.
In 1985 during the European Cup finals a tragic accident happened at Heysel Stadium when Liverpool fans destroyed a fence intended to separate the two groups of supporters leading to the collapse of the wall which killed 39 fans. During this match, Liverpool lost to their opponents-Juventus. The incident was recognized as the Heysel Stadium Disaster. As a result of this incident, English clubs were completely exempted from participating in European Competition for a period of five years and Liverpool received a ten year exemption and about fourteen members of the Liverpool fan club were convicted of involuntary manslaughter. However, this exemption was later reduced to six years. Liverpool was under the management of Kenny Dalglish as Fagan had initially made an announcement about his retirement before the occurrence of the tragedy. The club was able to have an outstanding performance during the reign of Dalglish as it won a total of three league championships as well as two FA Cups. Despite the outstanding performance, the club's reputation was tarnished by Heysel stadium catastrophe as well as that of another incident that claimed the lives of 96 lives in an FA semi final match against Nottingham Forest. In relation to these tragic accidents, Kenny Dalglish handed in his resignation letter. He was succeeded in 1991 by Greame Souness who was a former player in the Liverpool football club. Under his management the club's performance decline as the club only bagged the FA Cup finals but finished in the sixth place two times in a row in the league championships. As such, it was necessary to change the club's management in order to improve the club's performance.
Liverpool won the Football League cup in 1995 after Roy Evans replaced Souness. However, that was the best performance they achieved under his tenure. Evans resigned in 1998 and was replaced by Gerard Houllier and in 2001 he led the team to win 'a Treble'; The League Cup, The FA Cup and the UEFA Cup. They finished 2nd in the league in 2002 and later won the League Cup in 2003. By the end of the 2003 season, Rafael Benitez replaced Houllier and in his first year Liverpool won the 2004-05 UEFA Champions League after beating Milan. The following year the team won the FA CUP after beating West Ham in a penalty shootout. Liverpool reached the UEFA Champions league finals again with A.C Milan, but thus time lost 2-1. In the 2009-10 season, Liverpool performance was deteriorating and when they finished 7th in the premier league, Benitez quit by mutual agreement.
He was replaced by Roy Hodgson, who after experiencing poor results in the beginning of the season left the club and was replaced by Danny Dalglish. Although Liverpool's number in the premier league didn't improve, they won the League Cup that season. Brendan Rodgers was appointed manager in the 2012-13 season and in his first year Liverpool finished in the 7th position, but greatly improved in the following season, 2013-14, where they finished at number 2 behind Manchester City. Rodgers was sacked following the clubs poor performance in the 2014-15 season where it finished at number seven. Jurgen Klopp took over in the 2015-16 season and led the clubs to the UEFA Europa League and Football League cup finals.
Liverpool has one of the largest fan base, and the supporters flock the Anfield Stadium anytime the team is in action at home. The club's anthem, 'You'll Never Walk Alone', is a worldwide sign of unity among its fans.